Joanna van der Merwe is a Non-resident Fellow with the Defense Tech Initiative at the Center for European Policy Analysis (CEPA). Joanna holds an MA in International Relations and Global Conflict in the Modern Era and a BA in International Studies from Leiden University. Joanna is currently a Senior Policy Advisor at the Centre for Innovation at Leiden University and a Fellow at the International Strategy Forum hosted by Schmidt Futures and the European Council on Foreign Relations. She has conducted her research in collaboration with the Land Warfare Centre of the Netherlands Ministry of Defence, focusing on Artificial Intelligence and the future of combat. This research built on her previous experience at the Netherlands Army looking at big data on the future battlefield. She has also worked on early warning systems for mass atrocities at the Signal Program on Human Security and Technology at the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative. She also continues to advise and speak on data and AI in contexts such as policy-making and the future of warfare and defence.