Senior Fellow, Macdonald-Laurier Institute, Centre for Advancing Canada’s Interests Abroad and Non-Resident Senior Fellow, European Values Center for Security Policy. Charles has published extensively on China’s domestic affairs and international relations. He has been commissioned to write reports on matters relating to Western and developing world strategic relations with China for Canadian and international agencies. Charles is a frequent commentator on Chinese affairs in newspapers, radio and TV. Department of Political Science at Brock University specializing in Comparative Politics, Government and Politics of China, Canada-China Relations and Human Rights, 1989-2020. Counsellor at the Canadian Embassy to China between 1991-1993 and 1998- 2000. Previously worked at the Communications Security Establishment of the Canadian Department of National Defence. PhD 1987 from the University of Toronto after studies at Cambridge University (Oriental Studies) and Fudan University (History of Ancient Chinese Thought Program, Department of Philosophy, class of ´77). Izaak Walton Killam Memorial Post-Doctoral Scholar in Political Science at University of Alberta, 1986-88.